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    Hilltop Fortresses Iron Age Implements for Warfare Developed When Sea Had Risen Climate Dried Out

    The Ice Age was caused by the ocean warmer, having been heated from below, so when it cooled to about today’s temperatures by circa 1500 b. c., the cloud cover for the Ice Age dissipated, then much less snowfall, much less rainfall, the cleared skies for the rapid melting of the ice age icepacks (within about a century). With the drying of course came famine, and considering the kingdoms lost to the sea when the Ice Age ended, real estate was contested such that hilltop fortresses and implements made for war not work became prevalent, this excellently detailed in Alan Peatfield’s great paper “1200 b. c. War, Climate Change, and Cultural Catastrophe” written at University College in Dublin.


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