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    A History of Greece N. G. L. Hammond Oxford Press Bronze Age Climate Change Collapse into Iron Dark Age Aegean Basin Civilizations Flood of Ogyges Post Inundation Fortifications Built Mycenaean Pylos Tiryns Proteus Mycenae Perseus Cecrops Fortified Cyclopean Walls Athens Hittite Records Writings Trojans Dardenelles Straits Dardennui Dardanus Iliunna Ilium Iliad Homer Timeframe of Climate Change Disaster Migrations Aegean Dark Age

    Studying with great interest my old college textbook classic, A History of Greece by N. G. L. Hammond (Oxford Press), what really stands out is that he really has no idea why mass migrations and warfare, competing for diminished land, food, and water, was the rule in the Mediterranean when the bronze age was collapsing, giving way to the iron age, with regional kingdoms’ capitols then greatly fortified with huge megalithic walls, such as in ancient mycenaean Greece, at Pylos, Tiryns, Mycenae, and Athens, built obviously to keep hordes of invaders out, defensive walls, to protect their collective health, accumulated wealth, and valued tools and weapons, against any of the migrating (by land or sea) people groups looking for new places to settle in.

    Hammond leaves out a whole chapter of ancient greek history in failing to know or report on the many submerged ruins off Greece, in many locations, known for years, but perhaps not by Hammond, who if had acknowledged the underwater ruins, would have known they were submerged when the climate changed dramatically, born out by the ruins of hundreds of bronze age settlements beside long since dried up streams, not noticed by Hammond either however, so although his history of Greece is truly a masterpiece, noting the people group movements in the Aegean at the time of Homer’s Jason and the Argonauts and the Iliad and Odyssey, he can’t explain the mysterious Pelasgians, whose ruins are now submerged all through the Aegean, because the Ice Age ended actually much later than we are generally being told, much later than Hammond thought too.

    King Dardanus, perhaps a Pelasgian (a descendent of Peleg the namesake of the aegean island Pelagos), sailed to Samothrace after the Flood of Ogyges, which was the end of the Ice Age sea level rise. And afterthere, on to the coast of western Asia Minor, on the newly connected strait to the Black Sea, the Dardanelles Strait, then strategic shipping real estate, but before, thirty of forty miles inland, before the sea level rose, so Dardanus commenced the development of the short lived Trojan empire begun with his son Troias (Troy) and his son Ilus (Ilium/Iliad), then appearing in Hittite records as the Iliunna, Taroisa, and Dardennui, but ended as an empire around 1200 B.C. by the Mycenaeans, with fortresses built for 150 years, having become great conquerors in the eastern Mediterranean during the transition from the bronze to iron age, when much land had been lost to the sea and as the climate dried out, a time of great turmoil and transition, when the Israelites were taking Canaan.

    And certainly see http://genesisveracityfoundation.com.

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